All research publications of the Fuels Institute will represent the work product of the Fuels Institute alone, and will not be presented as reflecting the individual positions of any member of the Board of Advisors, the associated Task Group, or any organization helping to fund the research.

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Future Capabilities of Combustion Engines and Liquid Fuels

This new report presents a high-level summary of research and development projects focused on improving the ICE efficiency and emissions and reducing the carbon intensity of liquid fuels.

Date: October 31, 2022 PDF: 9 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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A Best Practice Guide for EVSE Regulations

This report harnesses the vast market experience of key stakeholders to identify those policies implemented by authorities that support the efficient installation of electric vehicle charging stations as well as those that impede such installations.  The report serves a critical need to properly navigate through inadequate or outdated regulatory requirements that are a significant barrier to development of a robust EV charging infrastructure.   

Date: October 18, 2022 PDF: 2 MB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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EV Charger Deployment Optimization

An analysis of U.S. state-level electric vehicle supply equipment demand forecast and supporting infrastructure considerations.

Date: August 17, 2022 PDF: 8 MB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act Oversight Summary and Recommendations

With $7.5 billion on its way for ZEV infrastructure, the Fuels Institute Electric Vehicle Council provides you with a summary of the programs (NEVI Formula Program and Corridor Charging Grant Program) to help you navigate your way to financial support. We also are actively participating with the Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Office and Office of Electricity, who have developed a working group to assess the many gaps in industry and public education which exist today.

Date: July 13, 2022 PDF: 5 MB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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Assessment of Biofuels Policy: Effectiveness of Emissions Reductions

There are 270 million vehicles currently on the road that operate on liquid fuels. To reduce carbon emissions from these vehicles, the best strategy is to reduce carbon in the fuels that power them. Biofuels can reduce transportation carbon emissions, but how we most effectively capitalize on this potential is challenging. This white paper explores the carbon benefits to using biofuels. It looks at fuel ethanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel and gasoline, hydrogen and R80B20, plus evaluating the policies that affect these fuels, the availability of feedstocks to expand their market share and the vehicle and infrastructure capabilities of accommodating such an expansion.

Date: June 14, 2022 PDF: 3 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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The Case for Developing an ESG Plan

Increasing demands from investors and the public make ESG pursuits a timely consideration.

Date: May 04, 2022 PDF: 179 KB
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The Easiest and Hardest Commercial Vehicles to Decarbonize

Our first report looks at the top five and bottom five applications for MHDV decarbonization as a function of technology readiness and quantifies each market’s impact on the overall U.S. MHDV market and contribution to U.S. MHDV GHG emissions.

Date: April 05, 2022 PDF: 7 MB
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Evaluation of Policies for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment

This report, commissioned by the Fuels Institute’s Electric Vehicle Council, was developed by ICF researchers who reviewed and evaluated the market influence of nearly 500 different policies and incentives. The report offers valuable lessons that can be leveraged to better inform the design and implementation of new programs that seek to build out EVSE infrastructure

Date: March 01, 2022 PDF: 315 KB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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Life Cycle Analysis Comparison: Electric and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles

The Fuels Institute brings you an enlightening new report evaluating the life cycle of carbon emissions of electric, internal combustion and hybrid electric vehicles. This report evaluates the environmental impact of three vehicle types: Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV), Internal Combustion Electric Vehicles (ICEV), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV). The report compares the energy sources that power them and the corresponding total cost of ownership that affects consumers.

Date: January 25, 2022 PDF: 4 MB
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Diesel Fuel Sampling Study: An Evaluation of Diesel Fuel Sold and Consumed in the U.S. Market

The Fuels Institute’s Diesel Fuel Quality Council commissioned a fuel quality study to better understand the condition of diesel fuel sold and consumed in the U.S., and specifically, to evaluate diesel fuel for specific properties that may affect engine operations and/or contribute to tank corrosion and product contamination. 

Date: December 01, 2021 PDF: 7 MB Diesel-Fuel-Quality-Council
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Future-Proofing Convenience Stores for Electric Vehicle Charging

The Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI), NACS and the Fuels Institute have developed this document to help convenience retailers plan for electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure at new liquid fueling sites. With careful planning and efficient site design, ground-up facilities can be constructed to keep fuels convenient and safe for store personnel and the public.

Date: October 01, 2021 PDF: 333 KB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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Retrofitting Convenience Stores for Electric Vehicle Charging

The Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI), NACS and the Fuels Institute have developed this document to help convenience retailers who are considering whether to incorporate electrical vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure into existing liquid fuel sites.

Date: October 01, 2021 PDF: 376 KB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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Diesel Fuel Loading and Delivery

An easy to read, step-by-step manual that walks diesel fuel distributors through practical solutions to address fuel quality and avoid costly contamination problems.

Date: August 24, 2021 PDF: 377 KB Diesel-Fuel-Quality-Council
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Installing and Operating Public Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

An invaluable guide from the Fuels Institute Electric Vehicle Council to help business owners make strategic decisions when it comes to investing in charging infrastructure, guiding them from beginning to actually serving their customers.

Date: August 06, 2021 PDF: 3.1 MB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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EV Consumer Behavior

Insight into the behaviors and needs to help build out an EVSE system that effectively satisfies EV driver demand now and tomorrow.

Date: June 14, 2021 PDF: 3.66 MB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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EV Market Regulatory Report

Analysis of the regulations affecting the installation and operation of EV charging equipment in the U.S. and Canada.

Date: April 21, 2021 PDF: 4.04 MB Electric-Vehicle-Council
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Mexico Energy Reform Update: The Current Mexican Gasoline & Diesel Market

Since the energy reform, Mexico’s fuel market has been evolving rapidly. This short report provides an update to our larger report released last year, “Mexico Reform: Impact of Mexico’s Deregulation and Liberalization of the Fuels Market.”

Date: March 31, 2021 PDF: 5MB Market-Impact-of-Regulations
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Diesel Storage Tanks: Industry Practices to Minimize Degradation and Improve Fuel Quality

“Diesel Storage Tanks: Industry Practices to Minimize Degradation and Improve Fuel Quality,” is an easy to read, step-by-step manual that walks storage tank operators through practical solutions and best practices to avoid costly equipment degradation and improve the quality of fuel delivered into vehicles.

Date: March 31, 2021 PDF: 302 KB Diesel-Fuel-Quality-Council
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Policy Considerations | Proposals to Ban the Sale of Combustion Engine Vehicles

A tool to prompt discussion and encourage policymakers to carefully consider the potential implications of banning internal combustion engine vehicles in order to mitigate negative and amplify positive outcomes.

Date: March 22, 2021 PDF: 295 KB Market-Impact-of-Regulations
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Impact of Transportation-Related Environmental Initiatives

An objective assessment of 37 environmental initiatives to reduce emissions from the transportation sector.

Date: October 27, 2020 PDF: 3.5 MB Market-Trends
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State of Transportation Energy and Vehicle Electrification

An objective look at the transportation markets transition to lower-carbon-intense sources of energy and more efficient use of existing energy resources.

Date: August 21, 2020 PDF: 1.2 MB Market-Trends
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Electric Vehicle Adoption: Focus on Charging

An evaluation of the electric vehicle market from the consumer perspective, including total cost of ownership, recharging infrastructure requirements, anticipated consumer recharging behavior, and the relationship of EVs to competing technology in terms of consumer adoption.

Date: June 01, 2020 PDF: 5.32 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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Biomass-Based Diesel: A Market and Performance Analysis

Biomass-Based Diesel: A Market and Performance Analysis is a comprehensive overview of the current U.S. biomass-based diesel (biodiesel and renewable diesel) market, including supply, elasticity of demand, distribution, blending patterns, performance & efficiency characteristics.

Date: March 25, 2020 PDF: 3.5 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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Mexico's Energy Reform: Impact of Mexico's Deregulation and Liberalization of the Fuels Market

This report analyzes the impact of the recently implemented Energy Reform on the country’s present and future fuel demand, distribution and retail infrastructure, regulatory programs and composition of the vehicles market as well as the impact on U.S. market dynamics.

Date: January 24, 2020 PDF: 5.33 MB Market-Impact-of-Regulations
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Retailing Biofuels: A Guide to Reading Applicable Federal Regulations

This report compiles all of the federal regulations and third party standards applicable to storing and selling biofuels, including those mandated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission and Occupational Safety and Health Administration. The report will assist retailers and other interested stakeholders keep up with new liquid fuel offerings by serving as the single resource needed to navigate applicable federal regulations, liability concerns, penalties for non-compliance and compliance options.

Date: November 12, 2019 PDF: 202 KB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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Economic Viability of a Natural Gas Refueling Infrastructure for Long-Haul Trucks

Valuable insight into the infrastructure needed for the long-haul trucking market in the U.S. to adopt RNG or CNG over diesel fuel.

Date: July 31, 2019 PDF: 24.9 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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IMO 2020 Literature Review

A summary of more than 30 reports evaluating the impact of the International Maritime’s rule lowering marine sulfur limits to 0.5% mass/mass, effective January 1, 2020. 

Date: April 11, 2019 PDF: 568 KB Market-Impact-of-Regulations
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Transitioning the U.S. Gasoline Pool to a Single High-Octane Fuel: A Baseline Analysis

This report presents an understanding of the options for and feasibility of transitioning the market to a national high-octane fuel to enable more fuel-efficient vehicle technologies. 

Date: March 21, 2019 PDF: 13 MB Fuel-Market-Dynamics
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Analysis of the Potential for Increasing Octane in the U.S. Fuel Supply

A white paper written by the Fuels Institute discussing findings from the Fuels Institute’s Octane report in the context of research done by Co-Optima, USCAR and evolving policy discussions relative to high-octane fuel.

Date: March 21, 2019 PDF: 4 MB Fuel-Market-Dynamics
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Market Reactions to Low Carbon Fuel Standard Programs

A comprehensive review of the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) to provide insight into the success and challenges of the program. 

Date: February 22, 2019 PDF: 6 MB Market-Impact-of-Regulations
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2018 Case Competition: Fuel Retailing in 2040

Fuels Institute’s 2018 Case Competition submissions of the winning team, two semi-finalists and two honorable mentions.

Date: December 03, 2018 PDF: 7 MB Market-Trends
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Driving Vehicle Sales – Utility, Affordability and Efficiency

An analysis of vehicle sales by segment (truck, small car, SUV, etc.) and powertrain (gasoline, diesel, hybrid, electric) in relation to the volatility of fuel prices over the years. The report also compares how the purchase price and fuel efficiency of each vehicle affects consumer purchasing decisions.

Date: July 30, 2018 PDF: 2 MB Consumer-Behavior
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The Case of E15

A comprehensive assessment, presented as individual case studies, of retailer experiences selling E15, including the decision process, requirements to sell E15, equipment configurations, marketing strategy and consumer response.

Date: February 01, 2018 PDF: 5 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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Consumers and Alternative Fuels 2017

This report is based upon an annual consumer survey exploring the attributes most important to consumers when buying a new vehicle, including the importance of alternative powertrains such as electric and diesel powered vehicles. 

Date: December 08, 2017 PDF: 5 MB Consumer-Behavior
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Global Initiatives: Assessing Current & Future Global Initiatives on Fuels & Vehicles

Our latest report, Global Initiatives, discusses and compares the current and future governmental regulations affecting the fuels and vehicles market.

Date: November 17, 2017 PDF: 11 MB Market-Impact-of-Regulations
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2017 Case Competition: Introducing a New Transportation Energy System

Fuels Institute's 2017 Case Competition submissions of the winning team, two semi-finalists, and two honorable mentions.

Date: August 11, 2017 PDF: 8.46 MB Market-Trends
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Tomorrow's Vehicles

"Tomorrow's Vehicles" is a series of three reports forecasting the market shares of the vehicles expected to be sold and driven in the United States and Canada through the year 2025, the current target date of federal fuel efficiency standards.

Date: June 17, 2017 PDF: 376 KB Market-Trends
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New Technology Adoption Curves - A Case Study on Delivering E25-Capable Vehicles to Market

Our latest report - a case study exploring the time it would take a new technology to reach 20% vehicle market share (the percentage of market penetration we believe sufficient to satisfy consumer demand).

Date: June 13, 2017 PDF: 856 KB Market-Trends
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Urbanization - The Effect of Urban Development on U.S. Vehicle Travel And Fuel Demand

An evaluation of more than 100 years of urban development in the U.S. from the perspective of individual mobility.

Date: May 22, 2017 PDF: 411 KB Market-Trends
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Retailing E85: An Analysis of Market Performance, July 2014-August 2015

Analysis of the E85 retail market over a 13-month period from 620 E85 retail locations.

Date: March 23, 2017 PDF: 11.5 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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Assessment of the U.S. Fuel Distribution Network

This report evaluates the U.S. supply chain, how it works and what limitations/weaknesses exist at each point to accommodate diverse fuel specifications and achieving higher rates of biofuels penetration.

Date: December 01, 2016 PDF: 9 MB Fuel-Market-Dynamics
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2016 Fuels Institute Case Competition - Future of Transportation

University case competition featuring the complete submissions by students from UC Berkeley, Duke, Morgan State, Clemson and University of Colorado at Boulder.

Date: June 19, 2016 PDF: 7.83 MB Market-Trends
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Shared Travel: Revolution or Evolution?

An In-Depth Fleet Analysis of Shared Urban Mobility.

Date: April 18, 2016 PDF: 4.87 MB Consumer-Behavior
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GHG Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles Powered by Natural Gas

A new paper written by Carnegie Mellon University examines the environmental benefits of light-duty vehicles using natural gas as a transportation fuel.

Date: October 01, 2015 PDF: 4.93MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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GHG Emissions from Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles Powered by Natural Gas

A new paper written by Carnegie Mellon University examines the environmental benefits of medium and heavy-duty vehicles using natural gas as a transportation fuel.

Date: August 01, 2015 PDF: 10.0MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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2015 University Case Competition

First-ever student case competition featuring the complete submissions by students from the University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University and University of Texas at Dallas.

Date: July 01, 2015 PDF: 2.17MB Market-Trends
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Fuel Prices and Auto Sales

A new study examines the widespread notion that retail fuel prices have a direct correlation on consumer vehicle purchasing behavior. By analyzing the relationship between vehicle sales and retail fuel prices over the past five years, we aim to better understand how consumers are making their decisions.

Date: July 01, 2015 PDF: 260KB Consumer-Behavior
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Driver Demographics – The American Population’s Effect on Vehicle Travel and Fuel Demand

An analysis of the historic growth and stabilization of vehicle-miles traveled, through a demographic examination of drivers and driver behavior.

Date: December 01, 2014 PDF: 7.46MB Consumer-Behavior
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E85 - A Market Performance Analysis and Forecast

E85 is subject to the fuel specification standard used by ASTM which applies to fuel blends that contain 51% - 83% ethanol. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) uses an average ethanol concentration of 74% for its evaluations.

Date: November 01, 2014 PDF: 3.04 MB Alternative-Fuels-and-Powertrains
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An Assessment of the Diesel Fuel Market: Demand, Supply, Trade and Key Drivers

Developed by the PIRA Energy Group, this report was commissioned by the Fuels Institute to analyze domestic diesel fuel demand, production capacity, international demand and trade balances, as well as the various programs and requirements that might affect overall diesel demand.

Date: October 01, 2014 PDF: 2.36 MB Fuel-Market-Dynamics
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Consumers and Diesel: Potential Conflict Between Fuel Economy and Cost

A new consumer study examines consumer preferences toward diesel fuel and finds that while all consumers seek economic benefits, different consumer segments value different economic factors, and that these different needs all must be addressed in communicating diesel fuel's cost benefits.

Date: October 01, 2014 PDF: 210.65 KB Consumer-Behavior
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Consumers and Alternative Fuels: Economics Are Top of Mind

An analysis of what consumer are looking for when purchasing a vehicle and how they feel about alternative powertrains and fuels.

Date: April 01, 2014 PDF: 220 KB Consumer-Behavior
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Tomorrow's Vehicles? What will we drive in 2023?

Innovation in the vehicles market is moving forward at a very rapid pace, but is that pace fundamentally changing the future composition of the fuels market? According to market forecasts completed for the Fuels Institute by Navigant Research, the answer is “yes,” but only to a limited degree. Within the next 10 years, alternative fuel drivetrains will gain market share. However, traditional petroleum-powered internal combustion engines will continue to dominate.

Date: November 01, 2013 PDF: 3.29 MB Market-Trends